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From originating as an outpost of Carthage in the 7th century BC when it was known as Theveste, to becoming part of the Roman empire in 146AC and changing its name to Tébessa, this capital city of Tébessa Province is a place filled with culture, history and intersting landmarks that will keep visitors busy for days. Consisting of 12 districts and 28 municipalities, Tebessa is located 20 kilometers west from the border with Tunisia.
The city is famous for the traditional Algerian carpets in the region, a phosphate mine, ancient monuments and many museums and temples. Tebessa is home to over 161,440 people who welcome visitors wanting to explore the remnants of the history of the area. The Tebessa codex was discovered in June 1918 in a cave in the region and it consisted of 26 leaves written in Latin by Manichaeans. A month later Henri Omont found the missing initial 13 leaves and it was combined to form the completed codex which is now kept in Cologne. Patrician Solomon built a tomb triumphal arch of Caracalla in a temple in214 AD and there is a Roman theatre and an archaeological museum to explore the history. Delving further into the past of this region, tourists have to marvel at the mosaics that decorate the walls of the Temple of Minerva built early in the third century AD.
Remains of the basilica of St. Crispinus from the fourth century AD features chapels, baptism urns, catacombs and gardens where browsers can relive the earlier years and they can imagine a life of confinement in Solomon's Walls which were flanked by thirteen square towers. Now these places are amazing ruins which will enhance your holiday.