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*All distances listed are as the crow flies, and not actual travel distances.
Fifteen years into the apartheid period in South Africa’s history, a black consciousness movement known as the African National Congress (ANC) had felt they had run out of all avenues to break the oppression of black people through dialogue and peaceful means, and took a decision to take up arms against the ruling National Party. They had formed a military wing and called it uMkhonto we Sizwe, meaning Spear of the Nation in Zulu, and through covert means, acquired a farm in Rivonia from where they could plot military action and hide fugitives sought by the government. This farm was called Liliesleaf Farm and in 1963, a police raid here resulted in the arrest of high ranking ANC members. The famous Rivonia Trial of 11 ANC leaders was to follow, which included Nelson Mandela, and 8 were handed life sentences with1 acquittal.
Today, Liliesleaf Farm is a museum that tells the story of these events... Show more